Author Guidelines

Author Guidelines

  1. Paper must be submitted online through OJS of International Journal of Education Research and Development (IJERD):
  2. Articles submitted should be normally between 5000 and 8000 words (at least 15 pages and not more 25 pages including references, notes, and tables) in length.
  3. Only MS Word file is accepted.
  4. Cambria Font, 12 Size, 1 Line spacing
  5. B5 Paper
  6. Applies International Journal of Education Research and Development (IJERD) Template
  7. Plagiarism ≤ 20%
  8. Using Mendeley/ Zetero
  1. General Rules
  • International Journal of Education Research and Development (IJERD) is an internationally recognized blind peer-reviewed electronic journal.
  • Manuscript must align with the mission and purpose of International Journal of Education Research and Development (IJERD)
  • Authors must adhere to the guidelines of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th Ed).
  • Manuscripts must be submitted as Microsoft Word (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) and must be 1 spaced using a 12-point font in Cambria; employ italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. The paper size is B5, two-column format (i.e., 85 mm each) with a 2.5 cm margin at the top, a 2.5 cm margin at the bottom, 2.5 cm margin on the left, and 2 cm margin on the right. Lines are one-spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in footer section of each page. Use of pronouns such as I, we etc. is to be avoided.
  • Recommended manuscript length is 5000 to 6000 words, including references.
  • Include an abstract of 150-225 words.
  • Include a title page with author/s contact information. If the manuscript has more than one author, please indicate which author is acting as the contact person.
  • Include a statement indicating that the manuscript has not been published elsewhere and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.
  1. Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

Manuscript content should be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Theoretical Framework; Method; Findings and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgements; and References.

2.1. Paper Title

  • This is your opportunity to attract the reader's attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently used abbreviations. The title of the paper should be in 13 pt bold Cambria and be centered. The title should not be more than 12 words.

2.2. Authors Name and Affiliations

  • Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names.
  • Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes name of department/unit, (faculty), name of university, address, country.
  • Author names, affiliations, and corresponding email should be in Cambria with 12 pt.

2.3 Abstract and Keywords

  • Abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. You must be accurate, brief, clear and specific. Use words which reflect the precise meaning, Abstract should be precise and honest. Please follow word limitations (150-225 words).
  • On the abstract, explicitly write in bold: Introduction, objective of the papers, method, findings, and conclusion.
  • Below the abstract, about three to five keywords should appear together with the main body of the article with the font size 10. Each word/phrase in keyword should be separated by a semicolon (;), not a comma (,).

2.4. Introduction

  • In Introduction, Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective, Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researchers, to show the main limitation of the previous research, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  • The introduction needs to relate to the problems or issues being recognized and eventually leading the research questions. The structuring of the introduction part may vary. This section discusses the results and conclusions of previously published studies, to help explain why the current study is of scientific interest. (Cambria, 12-point, 1.0 Spacing).

2.5  Method

  • Method should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.
  • General description of research is important to show the basis of the research. It is like a very brief introduction to the methodology section. This section provides all the methodological details necessary for another scientist to duplicate your work. For the qualitative research, this part can be different.
  • Research Methodology chapter should convince a reader that this manuscript presents a solid and sound analysis. (Cambria, 12-point, 1.0 Spacing).

2.6. Results and Discussion

  • Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than providing data in detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.
  • The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?
  • Results should be presented in detail and discussed accordingly without any mix with other studies. The objective here is to provide an interpretation of your results and support for all of your conclusions, using evidence from your experiment (research) and generally accepted knowledge, if appropriate.
  • Suggest future directions for research, new methods, explanations for deviations from previously published results, etc. (Cambria, 12-point, 1.0 Spacing).

2.7. Conclusions

  • Conclusions should answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.
  • Your conclusion should be the best part of your paper. A conclusion should: (1) stress the importance of the thesis statement, (2) give the essay a sense of completeness, and (3) leave a final impression on the reader. (Cambria, 12-point, 1.0 Spacing).

2.8.  Acknowledgements

  • Acknowledgements of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section not numbered at the very end of the paper. (Cambria, 12-point, 1.0 Spacing).

3.0  References

  • Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self-citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors' name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number).
  • Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.
  • The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles, books, and research reports, including theses and dissertations. Citations from journal should be at least 80% of the total references cited.
  • Quotation and references follow APA style and the latter should be included at the end of the article in the following examples:


Printed Book

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work. Publisher.

Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. American Psychological Association

E book

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work. [Ebook]. Publisher. Nondatabase URL

De Huff, E. W. (n.d.). Taytay’s tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. [Ebook].

Print Journal

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), page range. 

Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55(2), 893-896.

Online Journal

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number)page range.

Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(3), 1245-1283.

Print Magazine

Cite like a print journal article, but give the year and the month for monthly magazines. Add the day for weekly magazines.

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Online Magazine

Cite like an online magazine article except that in most cases, you'll include a URL because no DOI will be available.

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. URL

Parker-Pope, T. (2008, May 6). Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times.


Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of page. Title of Website. URL

Martin Lillie, C. M. (2016, December 29). Be kind to yourself: How self-compassion can improve your resiliency. Mayo Clinic.

Cleveland Clinic. (2019, July 16). Stress: 10 ways to ease stress.